|Page: Insider Ownership Analysis - Are the Interests of Management and the Common Shareholders Aligned|
In this article about the insider ownership analysis, I reveal what I believe is the minimum and maximum share ownership percentage, owned by corporate insiders. Although I have to admit, that determining an appropriate percentage of stock ownership is not an exact science, I do believe a thorough evaluation of a company's stock ownership is an important step in my stock investment analysis.
In the article: Insider Stock Ownership - Which Exclusive Type of Stock Owners Are Your Fellow Shareholders, I distinguish three types of stock owners: off-the-radar investors, on-the-radar investors and corporate insiders. As I already explained in this article, I do not consider the holdings of the off-the-radar investors (i.e. the private investors) to be relevant, as their individual holdings in a specific stock are normally relatively small. Therefore I only evaluate the company ownership of the other two stock owner groups: the corporate insiders and the on-the-radar investors.
The main reason why I believe it's important that corporate insiders have a certain minimum percentage of share ownership is logically: only then their interests are aligned with the off-the-radar investors (i.e. the private investors): we all benefit from a rising share price and we all feel the pain when the share price is declining. With their own money on the line, I believe that the corporate insiders are more devoted to accomplish success.
However, I do not want the influence of the corporate insiders to be too big, as then they can do almost everything they please. For instance, acting as the company's management they could ask their shareholders to vote in favour of certain proposals, which vote they can influence as they control a very large part of the shares outstanding. Therefore I have determined the maximum share ownership percentage of the corporate insiders at 35%.
As I believe it's acceptable that the percentage of stock ownership in companies with a big market cap is smaller than in those with a smaller market cap, I have set the minimum share ownership by corporate insiders as shown in the table below:
|Market cap||Minimum Share Ownership Percentage||Maximum Share Ownership Percentage|
|< 100 Million||5.0%||35%|
|100 -1,000 Million||2.5%||35%|
|> 1 Billion||1.0%||35%|
To find out how I evaluate the ownership of the on-the-radar investors, I refer you to this article: Institutional Ownership Assessment - How I Assess the Shares Owned by Institutions.
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